daffodil, orange yellow
“Aletheia” (αλήθεια) is the greek word for truth and it’s used from ancient times to nowadays. Its literally meaning is what is not being hidden and it implies both factuality and sincerity. To be true is to be sincere with the facts; with what actually is happening.
This sounds so simple to define and so easy to follow. Yet, our brain sometimes sets up obstacles, consciously or unconsciously, to prevent this truth be revealed. Robert Trivers, professor in anthropology and biological sciences, in his book Deceit and Self-Deception: Fooling Yourself The Better Fool Others, seeks the causes of deception and self-deception in many aspects: evolutionary logic, nature, neurophysiology, immunology, psychology, history, war, religion, etc. He concludes that we often concede in self-deception, because in this way it’s easier to deceive others.
Evolutionary trait, competitive edge, social convention, psychological illness, fear of any kind, no matter what a lie is, it offers only a short-term easiness. Nothing remains hidden under the sun (Greek maxim). And, if we can’t be truthful all the time, we can at least be aware of it and its consequences.
Trivers Robert, Deceit and Self-Deception: Fooling Yourself The Better Fool Others, Penguin (London), 2013.
aletheia – wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aletheia
Robert Trivers – roberttrivers.com